36 Haden Hill Road HalesowenB63 3NQ

Antibiotics Don’t Cure Toothache!


Help me to


It’s a sad but true fact. Antibiotics don’t cure toothache. There is no wonderpill to treat toothache.

Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats facing the world today. Antibiotics work less effectively the more they’re taken.

You’ve probably seen in the news over the past few months that, as a nation, we are becoming more resilient towards antibiotics. Our bodies are basically getting used to us taking them, and therefore they aren’t as effective in treating what they’re supposed to.

Now with teeth, it’s an entirely different reason as to why we’re reluctant to hand them over. Obviously, we don’t want you to become unresponsive to any antibiotics we give you, but we usually don’t like to give them for one reason: Antibiotics don’t cure toothache.

But what if I have toothache?

We have a lot of patients come in with a raging toothache, asking for some magic pills to get them out of pain, and if we can, we always try and find a way to cure the problem without the pills. This is because antibiotics won’t cure the problem, only mask it.

So, what can I do to prevent the need for antibiotics?

If you imagine, you’ve got a tooth that has a hole in it. It’s slowly being eaten away by some decay, but because it’s not giving you any pain, you’ve left it and left it. Eventually, the decay will reach the nerve of your tooth, which supplies your tooth with blood, causes sensitivity, and is what we remove when we do a root canal. Now, imagine that nerve becoming inflamed because of the decay that’s now reached it, and because it tries to get you out of pain itself, an abscess forms at the base of your tooth root. Now, this abscess is getting bigger and bigger, it’s starting to hurt, and it’s letting you know it’s there because of the great, big facial swelling that’s appeared around your jaw.

I have a swelling! What should I do?

So you phone us up, and we get you an appointment. We will assess the tooth and see why it’s causing so much pain. If you are in absolute agony with a visible facial swelling, then there’s no way we’re getting anywhere near that tooth, so we will have to prescribe antibiotics. These will help get rid of the swelling and infection that’s around your tooth, but it will not fix the hole in your tooth. That will remain until we do a root canal filling, a filling, or extract the tooth. That facial swelling may well return, as the bacteria can still get to the pulp of your tooth and can still cause a reaction.

antibiotics only mask the pain of toothache

If the pain is bearable, and you don’t have facial swelling, we will most likely send you away to manage it with painkillers until the pain subsides and we can get near you with some local anaesthetic.

The problem with swellings is that they tend to stop our local anaesthetic from working, so even if we did try to numb you up, it would not make your tooth numb enough to actually work on. If we can work on it, then we will, without the need for antibiotics.

My pain and problems went away after taking antibiotics! Why has my problem returned 6 months later?

This is also why you’ll be greeted with an eye roll if you come back in for a second course of antibiotics after you’ve already had one for the same problem a few months ago and not had any treatment carried out! It’s not that we’re being mean, we just want the antibiotics to work when and if you really, really need them. Plus we have a rather horrid one which stops you from drinking. No one wants to be prescribed that on a Friday night!

Antibiotics don't cure toothache

So there you have it. Antibiotics will not cure toothache, they will only mask the problem until you have something done about the tooth itself. They may stop the pain for a few days, weeks or even months, but it will always come back with a vengeance!

A few facts:

Toothache can be caused by many things such as:

  • Tooth decay
  • Broken teeth
  • Gum disease
  • Abscesses or infections
  • Jaw problems.

Why don’t antibiotics cure toothache?

A dentist needs to examine your mouth and decide the cause of the pain. Dental treatment may then be needed, such as fillings, root treatment or sometimes extraction of the tooth.
Painkillers can help – paracetamol and, if you can safely take it, ibuprofen. Both can be bought from pharmacies.
Always read the patient information leaflet and check it is safe for you to take either medicine. You can ask your pharmacist for advice.

Can I have antibiotics for toothache?

Your dentist will decide whether antibiotics are appropriate for your dental issue.
Antibiotics on their own do not remove the infection or stop pain. Dental treatment is usually needed as well.
Antibiotics, like other medicines, can also have side-effects so won’t be prescribed unless absolutely necessary

Failure to address the problem of antibiotic resistance could result in an estimated 10 million deaths by 2050.

£66 trillion is the cost by 2050 in lost productivity to the global economy due to antibiotic resistance.

What to do if you feel worse after visiting us:

Contact us or call 111 if any of the following occur:

  • If you develop a fever over 102F (38C)

  • You develop redness and swelling of your face, jaw or neck

  • If you are unable to open your mouth

  • You have severe pain uncontrolled by pain medicine

  • You have difficulty swallowing

If you do have any problems at present that you know need addressing, please call us today. It might save you from needing antibiotics!

Read more about antibiotics on the NHS website

For an emergency appointment with us, click here

0121 550 6958

– Clare 🙂

Back to Blog